“Online everything is recorded, and you don’t know by whom. It is cheaper to record and keep everything than figure out what to delete” (Mitew, 2013).
This sentence is the basis of all hacking. The idea that all data is preserved creates pools of information, the ultimate target for people seeking to blackmail or otherwise utilise the data. Not all data is indexed or organised, the ocean of uncatalogued random data is labelled as ‘deep web’. From this ‘deep web’ and it’s pools of data emerges cyber-crime.
Cybercrimes are defined by the Australian Federal Police as “Crimes committed directly against computers and computer systems and or the use of technology to commit or facilitate the commission of traditional crimes.” The technique of cybercrime, directly against computers and computer systems is best exemplified by DDoS (Distributed Denial of Service) and in particular a case study of Lizard Squad.
Lizard Squad, a hacking group who targets mostly gaming websites and organisations have no particular motivations other than for entertainment. Earlier this year, lizard squad executed attacks on Destiny and Call of Duty servers, and although their twitter account has since been suspended, they publicly claimed responsibility. Lizard Squad’s DDoS of theses servers left them unusable, thus classifying them under the first aspect of cybercrime, a crime committed directly to a network. Hiding behind a veil of anonymity the deep web is accommodates this kind of activity, hacking groups such as Lizard Squad
The second aspect of cybercrime outlined by the AFP is the use of technology to commit traditional crimes. This a best exemplified by the growing rates of cyber blackmailing. Cyber blackmailing entails utilising information in cyberspace to force (or blackmail) a person or party into doing something. In some cases this is a personal attack such as in the case of Amanda Todd where a person directly acquired photographs from Amanda, otehrwise the attacks may be the result of a hacker dipping into the pool of information that is the deep web. Blackmail is on the rise mostly due to the access of the deep web, the idea that nothing is deleted works in two ways. Firstly it means that anything put on the internet can be dug up later and used as extortion but also anything that is not yet on the internet, once released can not be removed.
Overall this idea of deep web and its utilities is empowering for cybercriminals.
Miter, T. (2013), DIGC202 Dark Fiber: hackers, botnets, cyberwar, Lecture slides, < http://prezi.com/iiied2_aa8tc/digc202-dark-fiber-hackers-botnets-cyberwar/ >
Australian Federal Police 2014, High Tech Crime, viewed 21st October <http://www.afp.gov.au/en/policing/cybercrime/hightech-crime.aspx>>